SETJMP(3) Library Functions Manual SETJMP(3)

_longjmp, _setjmp, longjmp, longjmperror, setjmp, siglongjmp, sigsetjmpnon-local jumps

Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

#include <setjmp.h>

void
_longjmp(jmp_buf env, int val);

int
_setjmp(jmp_buf env);

void
longjmp(jmp_buf env, int val);

void
longjmperror(void);

int
setjmp(jmp_buf env);

void
siglongjmp(sigjmp_buf env, int val);

int
sigsetjmp(sigjmp_buf env, int savemask);

The (), setjmp(), and () functions save their calling environment in env. Each of these functions returns 0.

The corresponding () functions restore the environment saved by their most recent respective invocations of the setjmp() function. They then return, so that program execution continues as if the corresponding invocation of the setjmp() call had just returned the value specified by val, instead of 0.

Pairs of calls may be intermixed (i.e., both () and () and setjmp() and longjmp() combinations may be used in the same program); however, individual calls may not (e.g. the env argument to setjmp() may not be passed to siglongjmp()).

The () routines may not be called after the routine which called the setjmp() routines returns.

All accessible objects have values as of the time () routine was called, except that the values of objects of automatic storage invocation duration that do not have the type and have been changed between the setjmp() invocation and longjmp() call are indeterminate.

The ()/longjmp() pairs save and restore the signal mask while ()/() pairs save and restore only the register set and the stack. (See (2).)

The ()/() function pairs save and restore the signal mask if the argument savemask is non-zero; otherwise, only the register set and the stack are saved.

If the contents of the env are corrupted, or correspond to an environment that has already returned, the longjmp() routine calls the routine longjmperror(3). If longjmperror() returns, the program is aborted (see abort(3)). The default version of longjmperror() prints the message “longjmp botch” to standard error and returns. User programs wishing to exit more gracefully should write their own versions of longjmperror().

sigaction(2), sigaltstack(2), signal(3)

The setjmp() and longjmp() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (“ISO C90”). The sigsetjmp() and siglongjmp() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (“POSIX.1”).

June 4, 1993 macOS 14.4