FD(4) Device Drivers Manual FD(4)

fd, stdin, stdout, stderrfile descriptor files

The files /dev/fd/0 through /dev/fd/# refer to file descriptors which can be accessed through the file system. If the file descriptor is open and the mode the file is being opened with is a subset of the mode of the existing descriptor, the call:

fd = open("/dev/fd/0", mode);

and the call:

fd = fcntl(0, F_DUPFD, 0);

are equivalent.

Opening the files /dev/stdin, /dev/stdout and /dev/stderr is equivalent to the following calls:

fd = fcntl(STDIN_FILENO,  F_DUPFD, 0);
fd = fcntl(STDOUT_FILENO, F_DUPFD, 0);
fd = fcntl(STDERR_FILENO, F_DUPFD, 0);

Flags to the open(2) call other than O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY and O_RDWR are ignored.

/dev/fd/#
 
/dev/stdin
 
/dev/stdout
 
/dev/stderr
 

tty(4)

June 9, 1993 macOS 14.4