pcap_findalldevs, pcap_freealldevs - get a list of capture devices, and free that list
int pcap_findalldevs(pcap_if_t **alldevsp, char *errbuf); void pcap_freealldevs(pcap_if_t *alldevs);
pcap_findalldevs() constructs a list of network devices that can be opened with pcap_create(3PCAP) and pcap_activate(3PCAP) or with pcap_open_live(3PCAP). (Note that there may be network devices that cannot be opened by the process calling pcap_findalldevs(), because, for example, that process does not have sufficient privileges to open them for capturing; if so, those devices will not appear on the list.) If pcap_findalldevs() succeeds, the pointer pointed to by alldevsp is set to point to the first element of the list, or to NULL if no devices were found (this is considered success). Each element of the list is of type pcap_if_t, and has the following members:
Each element of the list of addresses is of type pcap_addr_t, and has the following members:
Note that the addresses in the list of addresses might be IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, or some other type of addresses, so you must check the sa_family member of the struct sockaddr before interpreting the contents of the address; do not assume that the addresses are all IPv4 addresses, or even all IPv4 or IPv6 addresses. IPv4 addresses have the value AF_INET, IPv6 addresses have the value AF_INET6 (which older operating systems that don't support IPv6 might not define), and other addresses have other values. Whether other addresses are returned, and what types they might have is platform-dependent. For IPv4 addresses, the struct sockaddr pointer can be interpreted as if it pointed to a struct sockaddr_in; for IPv6 addresses, it can be interpreted as if it pointed to a struct sockaddr_in6.
The list of devices must be freed with pcap_freealldevs(3PCAP), which frees the list pointed to by alldevs.
pcap_findalldevs() returns 0 on success and PCAP_ERROR on failure; as indicated, finding no devices is considered success, rather than failure, so 0 will be returned in that case. If PCAP_ERROR is returned, errbuf is filled in with an appropriate error message. errbuf is assumed to be able to hold at least PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE chars.
The PCAP_IF_UP and PCAP_IF_RUNNING constants became available in libpcap release 1.6.1. The PCAP_IF_WIRELESS, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_UNKNOWN, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_CONNECTED, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_DISCONNECTED, and PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_NOT_APPLICABLE constants became available in libpcap release 1.9.0.
|23 August 2018|