UMASK(2) System Calls Manual UMASK(2)

umaskset file creation mode mask

#include <sys/stat.h>

umask(mode_t cmask);

The () routine sets the process's file mode creation mask to cmask and returns the previous value of the mask. The 9 low-order access permission bits of cmask are used by system calls, including open(2), mkdir(2), mkfifo(2), and mknod(2) to turn off corresponding bits requested in file mode. (See chmod(2)). This clearing allows each user to restrict the default access to his files.

The default mask value is S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH (022, write access for the owner only). Child processes inherit the mask of the calling process.

The previous value of the file mode mask is returned by the call.

The umask() function is always successful.

#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/stat.h>

The include file <sys/types.h> is necessary.

chmod(2), mkdir(2), mkfifo(2), mknod(2), open(2), compat(5)

The umask() function call is expected to conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (“POSIX.1”).

June 4, 1993 BSD 4